References Documenting Symptoms To Mercury Exposure

amalgam-tooth

Foreword by Ron Kennedy, M.D. (additional text and editing by mercuryexposure)

While there are over 125 known symptoms of mercury toxicity, most of them are vague and nonspecific. When a physician hears these vague symptoms from a patient he / she may not even consider mercury toxicity as a possible cause. To complicate matters the symptoms of mercury toxicity can be caused by many other conditions and illnesses and most physicians (and patients) are unaware that silver fillings are comprised of 50% mercury and still in use. In addition, the patient may not know to mention any recent dental work such as placement, polishing or removal of amalgam fillings, all of which expose patients to extremely large doses of mercury vapor and mercury contaminated particulate matter. Unfortunately, doctors rarely think to inquire about these common exposures. The dentist, of course, doesn’t even hear about these symptoms, because the patient thinks of the dentist as the tooth doctor, and the symptoms of mercury poisoning seem to have nothing to do with teeth.

iaomtREFERENCES DOCUMENTING SYMPTOMS TO MERCURY EXPOSURE (as from dental amalgam fillings)

by James M. Love and Dr. Michael Ziff

Mercury mimics many illnesses. This overview provides references for the many varied adverse reactions and symptoms people can experience when exposed to mercury vapor and mercury contaminated particulate matter (as from dental mercury fillings). This compilation was originally written in 1999. Several of the original government referenced documents can be found at the end of this article. Please feel free to submit additional references of studies to be included on this list.

{slide=1. Irritability:}

  1. United States Public Health Service, Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry (ATSDR). “Toxicological Profile for Mercury (Update).” TP-93/10, May 1994. P. 33, 34, 36;
  2. Goodman and Gilman’s. “The Pharmacological Basis of Therapeutics”, Sixth Edition (1980) Macmillan Publishing Co., Inc. New York. P. 1624;
  3. Shafer, WG; Hine, MK; Levy, BM. “A Textbook of Oral Pathology.” W.B. Saunders Co., Philadelphia, 1958. P. 444;
  4. Dentsply/Caulk. “Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS): Mercury”, 38 West Clarke Avenue, Milford, DE 19963-0359. 09/20/95, Revised 09/24/97.
  5. S. VIII; Gerstner, HB; Huff, JE. “Clinical Toxicology of Mercury.” J. Toxicology, 2:491-526, 1977. P. 507;
  6. Taskinen, H; et al. “A Possible Case of Mercury Related Toxicity Resulting From the Grinding of Old Amalgam Restorations.” Scand J. Work Environ. Health, 15:302-4, 1989. P. 303;
  7. Florentine, MJ; Sanfilippo, DJ. “Elemental Mercury Poisoning.” Clin Pharm 10(3):213-221, Mar 1991. P. 213, 217.{/slide}

{slide=2. Anxiety – Nervousness – panic feeling often with difficulty in breathing:}

  1. United States Public Health Service, Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry (ATSDR). “Toxicological Profile for Mercury (Update).” TP-93/10, May 1994. P.33;
  2. Shafer, WG; Hine, MK; Levy, BM. “A Textbook of Oral Pathology.” W.B. Saunders Co., Philadelphia, 1958. P. 444;
  3. Dentsply/Caulk. “Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS): Mercury”, 38 West Clarke Avenue, Milford, DE 19963-0359. 09/20/95, Revised 09/24/97. S. VIII;
  4. Florentine, MJ; Sanfilippo, DJ. “Elemental Mercury Poisoning.” Clin Pharm 10(3):213-221, Mar 1991. p. 217.{/slide}

{slide=3. Loss of memory:}

  1. United States Public Health Service, Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry (ATSDR). “Toxicological Profile for Mercury (Update).” TP-93/10, May 1994. P. 33, 34;
  2. Goodman and Gilman’s. “The Pharmacological Basis of Therapeutics”, Sixth Edition (1980) Macmillan Publishing Co., Inc. New York. P. 1624;
  3. Klaassen, CD; Amdur, MO; Doull, J. Ed: “Casarett and Doull’s Toxicology: The Basic Science of Poisons”, Third Edition, Macmillan Publishing Co., New York, 1986. P. 607;
  4. Dentsply/Caulk. “Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS): Mercury”, 38 West Clarke Avenue, Milford, DE 19963-0359. 09/20/95, Revised 09/24/97.
  5. S. VIII; Gerstner, HB; Huff, JE.”Clinical Toxicology of Mercury.” J. Toxicology, 2:491-526, 1977. P. 507;
  6. Taskinen, H; et al. “A Possible Case of Mercury Related Toxicity Resulting From the Grinding of Old Amalgam Restorations.” Scand J. Work Environ. Health, 15:302-4, 1989. p. 302.{/slide}

{slide=4. Inability to concentrate:}

  1. United States Public Health Service, Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry (ATSDR). “Toxicological Profile for Mercury (Update).” TP-93/10, May 1994. P. 31, 33, 34, 36;
  2. Gerstner, HB; Huff, JE. “Clinical Toxicology of Mercury.” J. Toxicology, 2:491-526, 1977. P. 507.{/slide}

{slide=5. Lethary/drowsiness:}

  1. Goodman and Gilman’s. “The Pharmacological Basis of Therapeutics”, Sixth Edition (1980) Macmillan Publishing Co., Inc. New York. P.1624;
  2. Dentsply/Caulk. “Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS): Mercury”, 38 West Clarke Avenue, Milford, DE 19963-0359. 09/20/95, Revised 09/24/97. S. VIII;
  3. Gerstner, HB; Huff, JE. “Clinical Toxicology of Mercury.” J. Toxicology, 2:491-526, 1977. P. 506; Florentine, MJ; Sanfilippo, DJ. “Elemental Mercury Poisoning.” Clin Pharm 10(3):213-221, Mar 1991. P. 213.{/slide}

{slide=6. Insomnia:}

  1. United States Public Health Service, Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry (ATSDR). “Toxicological Profile for Mercury (Update).” TP-93/10, May 1994. p. 33;
  2. Goodman and Gilman’s. “The Pharmacological Basis of Therapeutics”, Sixth Edition (1980) Macmillan Publishing Co., Inc. New York. P. 1624;
  3. Shafer, WG; Hine, MK; Levy, BM. “A Textbook of Oral Pathology.” W.B. Saunders Co., Philadelphia, 1958. P. 444, 445;
  4. Dentsply/Caulk. “Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS): Mercury”, 38 West Clarke Avenue, Milford, DE 19963-0359. 09/20/95, Revised 09/24/97. S. VIII;
  5. Gerstner, HB; Huff, JE. “Clinical Toxicology of Mercury.” J. Toxicology, 2:491-526, 1977. P. 506;
  6. Taskinen, H; et al. “A Possible Case of Mercury Related Toxicity Resulting From the Grinding of Old Amalgam Restorations.” Scand J. Work Environ. Health, 15:302-4, 1989. P. 303;
  7. Florentine, MJ; Sanfilippo, DJ. “Elemental Mercury Poisoning.” Clin Pharm 10(3):213-221, Mar 1991. P. 213.{/slide}

{slide=7. Mental depression, despondency, withdrawal:}

  1. United States Public Health Service, Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry (ATSDR). “Toxicological Profile for Mercury (Update).” TP-93/10, May 1994. p. 36;
  2. Goodman and Gilman’s. “The Pharmacological Basis of Therapeutics”, Sixth Edition (1980) Macmillan Publishing Co., Inc. New York. P. 1624;
  3. Klaassen, CD; Amdur, MO; Doull, J. Ed: “Casarett and Doull’s Toxicology: The Basic Science of Poisons”, Third Edition, Macmillan Publishing Co., New York, 1986. P. 607;
  4. Shafer, WG; Hine, MK; Levy, BM. “A Textbook of Oral Pathology.” W.B. Saunders Co., Philadelphia, 1958. P. 444;
  5. Gerstner, HB; Huff, JE. “Clinical Toxicology of Mercury.” J. Toxicology, 2:491-526, 1977. P. 506;
  6. Taskinen, H; et al. “A Possible Case of Mercury Related Toxicity Resulting From the Grinding of Old Amalgam Restorations.” Scand J. Work Environ. Health, 15:302-4, 1989. P. 303;
  7. Florentine, MJ; Sanfilippo, DJ. “Elemental Mercury Poisoning.” Clin Pharm 10(3):213-221, Mar 1991. P. 217.{/slide}

{slide=8. Numbness and tingling of hands, feet, fingers:}

  1. United States Public Health Service, Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry (ATSDR). “Toxicological Profile for Mercury (Update).” TP-93/10, May 1994. P. 33, 34;
  2. Taskinen, H; et al. “A Possible Case of Mercury Related Toxicity Resulting From the Grinding of Old Amalgam Restorations.” Scand J. Work Environ. Health, 15:302-4, 1989. P. 302.{/slide}

{slide=9. Muscle weakness:}

  1. United States Public Health Service, Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry (ATSDR). “Toxicological Profile for Mercury (Update).” TP-93/10, May 1994. P. 33;
  2. Goodman and Gilman’s. “The Pharmacological Basis of Therapeutics”, Sixth Edition (1980) Macmillan Publishing Co., Inc. New York. P. 1625;
  3. Shafer, WG; Hine, MK; Levy, BM. “A Textbook of Oral Pathology.” W.B. Saunders Co., Philadelphia, 1958. P. 444, 445;
  4. Taskinen, H; et al. “A Possible Case of Mercury Related Toxicity Resulting From the Grinding of Old Amalgam Restorations.” Scand J. Work Environ. Health, 15:302-4, 1989. P. 302.{/slide}

{slide=10. Loss of balance – stumbling:}

  1. United States Public Health Service, Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry (ATSDR). “Toxicological Profile for Mercury (Update).” TP-93/10, May 1994. P. 34;
  2. Gerstner, HB; Huff, JE. “Clinical Toxicology of Mercury.” J. Toxicology, 2:491-526, 1977. P. 506;
  3. Florentine, MJ; Sanfilippo, DJ. “Elemental Mercury Poisoning.” Clin Pharm 10(3):213-221, Mar 1991. P. 213, 214.{/slide}

{slide=11. Tremors/trembling of hands, legs and eyelids:}

  1. United States Public Health Service, Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry (ATSDR). “Toxicological Profile for Mercury (Update).” TP-93/10, May 1994. P. 27, 33;
  2. Goodman and Gilman’s. “The Pharmacological Basis of Therapeutics”, Sixth Edition (1980) Macmillan Publishing Co., Inc. New York. P. 1624;
  3. Klaassen, CD; Amdur, MO; Doull, J. Ed: “Casarett and Doull’s Toxicology: The Basic Science of Poisons”, Third Edition, Macmillan Publishing Co., New York, 1986. P. 606; Shafer, WG;
  4. Hine, MK; Levy, BM. “A Textbook of Oral Pathology.” W.B. Saunders Co., Philadelphia, 1958. P. 444;
  5. Dentsply/Caulk. “Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS): Mercury”, 38 West Clarke Avenue, Milford, DE 19963-0359. 09/20/95, Revised 09/24/97. S.VIII;
  6. Gerstner, HB; Huff, JE. “Clinical Toxicology of Mercury.” J. Toxicology, 2:491-526, 1977. P. 506;
  7. Taskinen, H; et al. “A Possible Case of Mercury Related Toxicity Resulting From the Grinding of Old Amalgam Restorations.” Scand J. Work Environ. Health, 15:302-4, 1989. P. 303.{/slide}

{slide=12. Decline of intellect:}

  1. Goodman and Gilman’s. “The Pharmacological Basis of Therapeutics”, Sixth Edition (1980) Macmillan Publishing Co., Inc. New York. P. 1624; Klaassen, CD; Amdur, MO;
  2. Doull, J. Ed: “Casarett and Doull’s Toxicology:The Basic Science of Poisons”, Third Edition, Macmillan Publishing Co., New York, 1986. P. 607;
  3. Gerstner, HB; Huff, JE. “Clinical Toxicology of Mercury.” J. Toxicology, 2:491-526, 1977. P. 507.{/slide}

{slide=13. Loss of self confidence:}

  1. United States Public Health Service, Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry (ATSDR). “Toxicological Profile for Mercury (Update).” TP-93/10, May 1994. P. 33;
  2. Gerstner, HB; Huff, JE. “Clinical Toxicology of Mercury.” J. Toxicology, 2:491-526, 1977. P. 507.{/slide}

{slide=14. Shocks and pain in brain / oral galvanism:}

  1. Stofen, D. “Dental Amalgam: A Poison In our Mouth.” Toxicology, 2:355-8, 1974. P. 357; Schriever, W;
  2. Diamond, LE. “Electromotive Forces and Electric Currents Caused By Metallic Dental Fillings.” J. Dental Research, 31(2):205-229, Apr 1952. P. 205, 206.{/slide}

{slide=15. Stiff neck and shoulder pain:}

  1. United States Public Health Service, Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry (ATSDR). “Toxicological Profile for Mercury (Update).” TP-93/10, May 1994. P. 27;
  2. Gerstner, HB; Huff, JE. “Clinical Toxicology of Mercury.” J. Toxicology, 2:491-526, 1977. P. 506.{/slide}

{slide=16. Bleeding gums:}

  1. United States Public Health Service, Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry (ATSDR). “Toxicological Profile for Mercury (Update).” TP-93/10, May 1994. P. 25, 26;
  2. Goodman and Gilman’s. “The Pharmacological Basis of Therapeutics”, Sixth Edition (1980) Macmillan Publishing Co., Inc. New York. P. 1624, 1625;
  3. Klaassen, CD; Amdur, MO; Doull, J. Ed: “Casarett and Doull’s Toxicology: The Basic Science of Poisons”, Third Edition, Macmillan Publishing Co., New York, 1986. P. 606, 607;
  4. Shafer, WG; Hine, MK; Levy, BM. “A Textbook of Oral Pathology.” W.B. Saunders Co., Philadelphia, 1958. P. 444, 445;
  5. Dentsply/Caulk. “Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS): Mercury”, 38 West Clarke Avenue, Milford, DE 19963-0359. 09/20/95, Revised 09/24/97. S. VIII;
  6. Gerstner, HB; Huff, JE. “Clinical Toxicology of Mercury.” J. Toxicology, 2:491-526, 1977. P. 507, 508;
  7. Florentine, MJ; Sanfilippo, DJ. “Elemental Mercury Poisoning.” Clin Pharm 10(3):213-221, Mar 1991. P. 217.{/slide}

{slide=17. Alveolar bone loss, ie: mercurial stomatitis:}

  1. United States Public Health Service, Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry (ATSDR). “Toxicological Profile for Mercury (Update).” TP-93/10, May 1994. P. 25, 26;
  2. Goodman and Gilman’s. “The Pharmacological Basis of Therapeutics”, Sixth Edition (1980) Macmillan Publishing Co., Inc. New York. P. 1624, 1625;
  3. Shafer, WG; Hine, MK; Levy, BM. “A Textbook of Oral Pathology.” W.B. Saunders Co., Philadelphia, 1958. P. 444, 445;
  4. Dentsply/Caulk. “Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS): Mercury”, 38 West Clarke Avenue, Milford, DE 19963-0359. 09/20/95, Revised 09/24/97. S. VIII;
  5. Gerstner, HB; Huff, JE. “Clinical Toxicology of Mercury.” J. Toxicology, 2:491-526, 1977. P. 507.{/slide}

{slide=18. Loosening of teeth:}

  1. Goodman and Gilman’s. “The Pharmacological Basis of Therapeutics”, Sixth Edition (1980) Macmillan Publishing Co., Inc. New York. P. 1624;
  2. Shafer, WG; Hine, MK; Levy, BM. “A Textbook of Oral Pathology.” W.B. Saunders Co., Philadelphia, 1958. P. 444;
  3. Dentsply/Caulk. “Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS): Mercury”, 38 West Clarke Avenue, Milford, DE 19963-0359. 09/20/95, Revised 09/24/97. S. VIII;
  4. Gerstner, HB; Huff, JE. “Clinical Toxicology of Mercury.” J. Toxicology, 2:491-526, 1977. P. 507.{/slide}

{slide=19. Metallic taste:}

  1. United States Public Health Service, Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry (ATSDR). “Toxicological Profile for Mercury (Update).” TP-93/10, May 1994. P. 25, 26;
  2. Dentsply/Caulk. “Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS): Mercury”, 38 West Clarke Avenue, Milford, DE 19963-0359. 09/20/95, Revised 09/24/97. S. VIII;
  3. Gerstner, HB; Huff, JE. “Clinical Toxicology of Mercury.” J. Toxicology, 2:491-526, 1977. P. 508.{/slide}

{slide=20. Numbness in side of face:}

  1. United States Public Health Service, Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry (ATSDR). “Toxicological Profile for Mercury (Update).” TP-93/10, May 1994. P. 33, 34;
  2. Taskinen, H; et al. “A Possible Case of Mercury Related Toxicity Resulting From the Grinding of Old Amalgam Restorations.” Scand J. Work Environ. Health, 15:302-4, 1989. P. 304.{/slide}

{slide=21. Burning sensation, with tingling of lips:}

  1. United States Public Health Service, Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry (ATSDR). “Toxicological Profile for Mercury (Update).” TP-93/10, May 1994. P. 33, 34;
  2. “The Merck Manual of Diagnosis and Therapy”, 16th Edition (1992), Merck Research Laboratories, Division of Merck & Co., Rahway, N.J., P. 2697;
  3. Taskinen, H; et al. “A Possible Case of Mercury Related Toxicity Resulting From the Grinding of Old Amalgam Restorations.” Scand J. Work Environ. Health, 15:302-4, 1989. P. 302;
  4. Florentine, MJ; Sanfilippo, DJ. “Elemental Mercury Poisoning.” Clin Pharm 10(3):213-221, Mar 1991. P. 217.{/slide}

{slide=22. Tissue pigmentation – Mercury tattoo:}

  1. Goodman and Gilman’s. “The Pharmacological Basis of Therapeutics”, Sixth Edition (1980) Macmillan Publishing Co., Inc. New York. P. 1624;
  2. Shafer, WG; Hine, MK; Levy, BM. “A Textbook of Oral Pathology.” W.B. Saunders Co., Philadelphia, 1958. P. 444;
  3. Dentsply/Caulk. “Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS): Mercury”, 38 West Clarke Avenue, Milford, DE 19963-0359. 09/20/95, Revised 09/24/97;
  4. Dentsply/Caulk. “Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS): Mercury”, 38 West Clarke Avenue, Milford, DE 19963-0359. 09/20/95, Revised 09/24/97. S. VIII.{/slide}

{slide=23. Ringing in ears:}

  1. Omura, Y; et al. “Common Factors Contributing to Intractable Pain and Medical Problems With Insufficient Drug Uptake In Areas to be Treated, and Their Pathogenesis and Treatment.” Acupunct. Electrother. Research, 17(2): 107-108. P. 107.{/slide}

{slide=24. Speech impairment – difficulty in articulation:}

  1. United States Public Health Service, Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry (ATSDR). “Toxicological Profile for Mercury (Update).” TP-93/10, May 1994. P. 34;
  2. Goodman and Gilman’s. “The Pharmacological Basis of Therapeutics”, Sixth Edition (1980) Macmillan Publishing Co., Inc. New York. P. 1624;
  3. Gerstner, HB; Huff, JE. “Clinical Toxicology of Mercury.” J. Toxicology, 2:491-526, 1977. P. 506.{/slide}

{slide=25. Food sensitivities:}

  1. Stofen, D. “Dental Amalgam: A Poison In our Mouth.” Toxicology, 2:355-8, 1974. P. 358;
  2. Hultman, P; et al. “Adverse Immunological Effects and Autoimmunity Induce by Dental Amalgm and Alloy in Mice.” FASEB J., 8:1183-90, 1994. P. 1183, 1186, 1189;
  3. Warfvinge, K; et al. “Systemic Autoimmunity Due to Mercury Vapor Exposure in Genetically Susceptible Mice: Dose-Response Studies.” Toxicol Appl Pharmacol., 132:299-309, 1995. P. 299, 300, 304-7;
  4. Hultman, P; et al. “Activation of the Immune System and Systemic Immune Complex Deposits in Brown Norway Rats with Dental Amalgam Restorations.” J Dent Res., 77(6):1415-25, Jun 1998. P. 1415, 1421-23.{/slide}

{slide=26. Abdominal pains:}

  1. United States Public Health Service, Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry (ATSDR). “Toxicological Profile for Mercury (Update).” TP-93/10, May 1994. P. 25;
  2. “The Merck Manual of Diagnosis and Therapy”, 16th Edition (1992), Merck Research Laboratories, Division of Merck & Co., Rahway, N.J., P. 2697;
  3. Shafer, WG; Hine, MK; Levy, BM. “A Textbook of Oral Pathology.” W.B. Saunders Co., Philadelphia, 1958. P. 444;
  4. Gerstner, HB; Huff, JE. “Clinical Toxicology of Mercury.” J. Toxicology, 2:491-526, 1977. P. 508.{/slide}

{slide=27. Nausea – vomiting:}

  1. United States Public Health Service, Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry (ATSDR). “Toxicological Profile for Mercury (Update).” TP-93/10, May 1994. P. 25;
  2. Goodman and Gilman’s. “The Pharmacological Basis of Therapeutics”, Sixth Edition (1980) Macmillan Publishing Co., Inc. New York. P. 1624;
  3. “The Merck Manual of Diagnosis and Therapy”, 16th Edition (1992), Merck Research Laboratories, Division of Merck & Co., Rahway, N.J., P. 2697;
  4. Shafer, WG; Hine, MK; Levy, BM. “A Textbook of Oral Pathology.” W.B. Saunders Co., Philadelphia, 1958. P. 445;
  5. Gerstner, HB; Huff, JE. “Clinical Toxicology of Mercury.” J. Toxicology, 2:491-526, 1977. P. 505, 508;
  6. Florentine, MJ; Sanfilippo, DJ. “Elemental Mercury Poisoning.” Clin Pharm 10(3):213-221, Mar 1991. P. 217.{/slide}

{slide=28. Lymphadenopathy – bilateral cervical:}

  1. World Health Organization. “Environmental Health Criteria 118: Inorganic Mercury.” Geneva, 1991. P. 109.{/slide}

{slide=29. Allergies/sensitivies – food, chemicals (car fumes, cigarette smoke):}

  1. Stofen, D. “Dental Amalgam: A Poison In our Mouth.” Toxicology, 2:355-8, 1974. P. 358;
  2. Hultman, P; et al. “Adverse Immunological Effects and Autoimmunity Induce by Dental Amalgm and Alloy in Mice.” FASEB J., 8:1183-90, 1994. P. 1183, 1186, 1189;
  3. Warfvinge, K; et al. “Systemic Autoimmunity Due to Mercury Vapor Exposure in Genetically Susceptible Mice: Dose-Response Studies.” Toxicol Appl Pharmacol., 132:299-309, 1995. P. 299, 300. 304-7;
  4. Hultman, P; et al. “Activation of the Immune System and Systemic Immune Complex Deposits in Brown Norway Rats with Dental Amalgam Restorations.” J Dent Res., 77(6):1415-25, Jun 1998. P. 1415-6, 1421-3.{/slide}

{slide=30. Flu symptoms:}

  1. United States Public Health Service, Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry (ATSDR). “Toxicological Profile for Mercury (Update).”TP-93/10, May 1994. P. 31;
  2. Goodman and Gilman’s. “The Pharmacological Basis of Therapeutics”, Sixth Edition (1980) Macmillan Publishing Co., Inc. New York. P. 1624;
  3. Dentsply/Caulk. “Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS): Mercury”, 38 West Clarke Avenue, Milford, DE 19963-0359. 09/20/95, Revised 09/24/97. S. VIII;
  4. Gerstner, HB; Huff, JE. “Clinical Toxicology of Mercury.” J. Toxicology, 2:491-526 (1977) p.505;
  5. Taskinen, H; et al. “A Possible Case of Mercury Related Toxicity Resulting From the Grinding of Old Amalgam Restorations.” Scand J. Work Environ. Health, 15:302-4 (1989) p. 304;
  6. Florentine, MJ; Sanfilippo, DJ. “Elemental Mercury Poisoning.” Clin Pharm 10(3):213-221, Mar 1991. p. 217.{/slide}

{slide=31. Chronic headaches:}

  1. United States Public Health Service, Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry (ATSDR). “Toxicological Profile for Mercury (Update).” TP-93/10, May 1994. P. 33;
  2. Shafer, WG; Hine, MK; Levy, BM. “A Textbook of Oral Pathology.” W.B. Saunders Co., Pheladelphia, (1958) p.444;
  3. Dentsply/Caulk. “Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS): Mercury”, 38 West Clarke Avenue, Milford, DE 19963-0359. 09/20/95, Revised 09/24/97. S. VIII;
  4. Taskinen, H; et al. “A Possible Case of Mercury Related Toxicity Resulting From the Grinding of Old Amalgam Restorations.” Scand J. Work Environ. Health, 15:302-4 (1989) p. 302;
  5. Florentine, MJ; Sanfilippo, DJ. “Elemental Mercury Poisoning.” Clin Pharm 10(3):213-221, Mar 1991. P. 213.{/slide}

{slide=32. Dermatitis:}

  1. United States Public Health Service, Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry (ATSDR). “Toxicological Profile for Mercury (Update).” TP-93/10, May 1994. P. 31;
  2. Shafer, WG; Hine, MK; Levy, BM. “A Textbook of Oral Pathology.” W.B. Saunders Co., Philadelphia, 1958. P. 444; Florentine, MJ;
  3. Sanfilippo, DJ. “Elemental Mercury Poisoning.” Clin Pharm 10(3):213-221, Mar1991. P. 214.{/slide}

{slide=33. Subnormal body temperature:}

  1. United States Public Health Service, Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry (ATSDR). “Toxicological Profile for Mercury (Update).” TP-93/10, May 1994. P. 31, 44, 45.{/slide}

{slide=34. Cold, clammy skin, especially hands and feet:}

  1. Shafer, WG; Hine, MK; Levy, BM. “A Textbook of Oral Pathology.” W.B. Saunders Co., Philadelphia, 1958. P. 444.{/slide}

{slide=35. Excessive perspiration:}

  1. United States Public Health Service, Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry (ATSDR). “Toxicological Profile for Mercury (Update).” TP-93/10 (May 1994) p. 31;
  2. Goodman and Gilman’s. “The Pharmacological Basis of Therapeutics”, Sixth Edition (1980) Macmillan Publishing Co., Inc. New York. P. 1624;
  3. Shafer, WG; Hine, MK; Levy, BM. “A Textbook of Oral Pathology.” W.B. Saunders Co., Philadelphia, 1958. P. 444;
  4. Gerstner, HB; Huff, JE. “Clinical Toxicology of Mercury.” J. Toxicology, 2:491-526, 1977. P. 507.{/slide}

{slide=36. Unexplained sensory symptoms – buzzing in head, flashes of pain in head:}

  1. United States Public Health Service, Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry (ATSDR). “Toxicological Profile for Mercury (Update).” TP-93/10, May 1994. p. 36; 8:357;
  2. Taskinen, H; et al. “A Possible Case of Mercury Related Toxicity Resulting From the Grinding of Old Amalgam Restorations.” Scand J. Work Environ. Health, 15:302-4 (1989) p. 302;
  3. Florentine, MJ; Sanfilippo, DJ. “Elemental Mercury Poisoning.” Clin Pharm 10(3):213-221, Mar 1991. p. 217;
  4. Schriever, W; Diamond, LE. “Electromotive Forces and Electric Currents Caused By Metallic Dental Fillings.” J. Dental Research, 31(2):205-229 (Apr. 1952) p.205.{/slide}

{slide=37. Unexplained numbness or burning sensation:}

  1. United States Public Health Service, Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry (ATSDR). “Toxicological Profile for Mercury (Update).” TP-93/10, May 1994. p. 33, 34. p. 357;
  2. Taskinen, H; et al. “A Possible Case of Mercury Related Toxicity Resulting From the Grinding of Old Amalgam Restorations.” Scand J. Work Environ. Health, 15:302-4 (1989) p. 302;
  3. Schriever, W; Diamond, LE. “Electromotive Forces and Electric Currents Caused By Metallic Dental Fillings.” J. Dental Research, 31(2):205-229, Apr 1952. p. 226.{/slide}

{slide=38. Chronic fatigue:}

  1. United States Public Health Service, Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry (ATSDR). “Toxicological Profile for Mercury (Update).” TP-93/10, May 1994. P. 31;
  2. Dentsply/Caulk. “Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS): Mercury”, 38 West Clarke Avenue, Milford, DE 19963-0359. 09/20/95, Revised 09/24/97. S. VIII; 7:506;
  3. Taskinen, H; et al. “A Possible Case of Mercury Related Toxicity Resulting From the Grinding of Old Amalgam Restorations.” Scand J. Work Environ. Health, 15:302-4, 1989 p. 303;
  4. Florentine, MJ; Sanfilippo, DJ. “Elemental Mercury Poisoning.” Clin Pharm 10(3):213-221(Mar 1991) p. 214.{/slide}

{slide=39. Edema:}

  1. Goodman and Gilman’s. “The Pharmacological Basis of Therapeutics”, Sixth Edition (1980) Macmillan Publishing Co., Inc. New York. p. 1625.{/slide}

{slide=40. Joint Pains:}

  1. United States Public Health Service, Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry (ATSDR). “Toxicological Profile for Mercury (Update).” TP-93/10, May 1994. p. 33.{/slide}

About The Author

Leave a Reply

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.